Montgomery County is a located in the central part of New York state. It is part of the Mohawk Valley region and has a population of approximately 49,000 people as of the 2020 census. The county seat is Fonda.
The county was officially established in 1772 and was named after General Richard Montgomery, a hero of the American Revolution who died during the Battle of Quebec.
The county has several state parks and nature reserves including the Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor, which passes through the county.
The economy of Montgomery County has traditionally been based on agriculture and manufacturing, with industries such as dairy farming, leather production, and textiles playing a prominent role in the county's history. Today, the county has a diverse economy that includes healthcare, education, and retail. Major employers in the area include St. Mary's Healthcare, Montgomery County Government, and the Amsterdam School District.
Fuel oil is used by approximately 31% of households in Montgomery County according to a survey in 2019.